Organ Donation Ethical Issues Essays About Life

Ethical Issues In Organ Transplantation Essay

Organ transplantation has been recognized as one of the biggest medical advances of the century as it provides a way of donating organs from deceased or living individuals to the patients with terminal failure of vital organs. Advances in medical technology and science have made transfer of organs and tissue a very important issue. The increasing incidence of vital organ failure and the inadequate supply of organs, especially from cadavers, has created a wide gap between organ supply and organ demand, which has resulted in very long waiting times to receive an organ as well as an increasing number of deaths while waiting (Caplan, 1998). These events have raised many ethical, moral and societal issues regarding supply and organ allocation, xenotransplantation, the risks and benefits of organ donation from living donors, the issues dealing with organ donation from the deceased, and the duties and responsibilities of the medical profession and society to help those who need help.

The shortage of human organs is causing on of the biggest ethical issues in organ transplantation. Even though, transplantation centers would like to transplant all patients who need new the organs, unfortunately, there are not enough living or cadaver donors available to help as many patients as need it. It has also led to the practice of organ sale by entrepreneurs for financial gains in some parts of the world through exploitation of the poor, for the benefit of the wealthy (Pattinson, 2003). In general, in US recipients of organs are chosen from a waiting list after they have been medically determined to be qualified candidate. All potential patients for organ transplant surgery have to be evaluated and tested to be qualified. Organ allocation aims for a satisfactory outcome measured by patient survival and quality of life. Moreover, allocation considers patients waiting time available before transplant take place.

Ethical evaluation criteria include the justice, utility, and beneficence principles. The United Network of Organ Sharing (UNOS) policy attempts to balance these principles. Further, this policy does not recommend restrictions based on age or disease. Two fundamental principles of organ allocation separate the transplant community. First principle described by Arthur Caplan suggests that in order to maximize efficiency, organ transplant would need to favor those recipients for whom a transplant will guarantee the highest chance of living a long and high quality life. The second principle is urgency of need, which would favor allocating organs to those who are the sickest and most likely to die. These principles represent ethical positions but at the same time lead to different consequences in terms of who would live in the end (Caplan, 1998).

The principle of non-malfeasance is at...

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Essay on Compensation for Living Human Organ Donation is Unethical

1394 Words6 Pages

Compensation for Living Human Organ Donation is Unethical

As technology continues to progress the feasibility of organ transplantation becomes a commonplace. It is very common for organs to be donated after one passes if it is the wishes of the deceased. As the supply of organs from the deceased is greatly outnumbered by the number of patients on waitlists living donors becomes an issue. Many times a relative or close friend is willing to give up an organ to help save a life. The question is: Is it ethical to accept a monetary payment in exchange for an organ to save a life? Organ donation started out as simply “donation” or the act by which a person voluntarily transfers the title to a thing of which be is the…show more content…

A system in which would be regulated by an international organization such as the World Health Organization. Regulations would include several very important aspects of organ transplant. First of all there would be a set price for each organ, and a set price to be paid to the donor. This would prevent the wealthy from having more opportunities than those who are less fortunate than others. This would also prevent bidding on organs. The second important aspect of regulation is to have the donor and recipient remain anonymous. This will help protect from later gifts to the donor. At this point in time this type of regulation is very far form being implemented, thus we cannot have an ethical and moral way to commercialize organ sales. There are several reasons besides the obvious ethical issues that make it wrong to sell organs from live donors. First of all the dangers presented to the donor. Most of the organ donors who would donate their organs for money will mostly come from third world nations. There are two main problems with this. The ignorance of the donor to the risks involved before he or she gives consent, and the fact that the “middle-men” involved are motivated by money so the most profitable way to remove the organ will be used, putting the health of the donor second. Another issue that would be presented is people will take patients off of life support earlier than they would otherwise if they are motivated by money.

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